Process categories in the quality management system

Process categories for IATF

A process is a set of interrelated activities where we provide input and get output with value addition. There are three categories of processes in the quality management system. These are as below:

  • Management oriented process
  • Customer-oriented process
  • Support oriented process

QMS Process Interaction Chart:

QMS Process Intraction Chart

Now we will understand each one of the above in detail.

Management-oriented process:

Management processes are those processes that control, facilitate, monitor and review other processes of the organization. It has the goal of continual improvement of QMS, effective implementation of policies and objectives and providing customer focus to the organization.

Types of Management oriented processes:

Customer-oriented processes:

Customer-oriented processes are those processes that directly affect the quality and delivery of products by the organization to the customer. These are the value-adding process. These processes start with understanding customer requirements and end with delivering customer value. These processes are directly linked with customers from input to output.

Types of customer-oriented processes:

  • New product development (APQP)
  • Customer complaint handling
  • Production ( Manufacturing)
  • Marketing
  • After-sale service
  • Ordering / Request for quotation (RFQ)
  • Tender

The key requirement of Customer-oriented processes:

  • Process add value
  • Customer requirement identified
  • The process team has understood the requirement
  • Customer requirements are fulfilled in a consistent and effective way
  • Continual improvement
  • Process performance result status

Support-oriented processes:

The processes which are critical for the effective implementation of customer-oriented processes are called support-oriented processes. As customer-oriented processes need support from other processes to achieve planned outputs. These processes help directly or indirectly value-adding processes by providing various resources in the best usable form.

Examples of support-oriented processes:

Note: This classification is not mentioned in the IATF 16949: 2016 standard but is used by most organizations. But for easy understanding of the organization processes, this categorization is done.

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